In addition to being one of the most common construction materials, stucco is a technique and at the same time a category of materials – that serve to cover and decorate a wide variety of surfaces such as walls and ceilings.
As a category of materials, stuccoes prepare a paste or a mass of fine sand that can be composed of different elements such as plaster, cement, lime or marble dust; that, along with other ingredients like pigments, glues (also called glues) and natural resins; they are used to cover or clad (also called plastering) interior walls or ceilings, with a succession of layers of different thicknesses that will gradually harden, which can be varnished to protect them and give them by polishing, a very attractive shine, similar in appearance to natural marble. In most cases stuccos are used to cover less attractive materials such as concrete, blocks, bricks, adobe, among others.
Venetian marble plaster is a technique used to paint walls in order to recreate the look and shine of marble.
Origins Of The Technique
Being such a versatile material, it easily adapts to any type or style of construction or period. There are many kinds of stucco, but the most famous is the Venetian, also called “Venetian lustrum”. It is a cladding that was developed in Venice, Italy in the early 15th century. Its finish is flat and shiny like polished marble, with different shades of color. The cheap polished plaster london is elastic, highly resistant and easy to apply.
In most cases stuccos are used to cover less attractive materials such as concrete, blocks, bricks, adobe, among others.
The Romans used stucco in their constructions based on the knowledge inherited from ancient Greece, which were later reused during the Renaissance as an architectural complement in French palaces. On the temple walls, figures were usually painted with white stucco; while colored stucco was used in the decoration of castles and palaces. During this time a great number of techniques were perfected, which later spread to artisans and teachers throughout Europe, who would later take it to America.
Features And Benefits
The advantage of stucco is that it is a high-quality, long-lasting, moisture-resistant coating that is easy to maintain, difficult to dirty and easy to clean. More flexible than plaster and therefore less prone to cracks, it is modern in style, texture soft to the touch, shiny, in a wide variety of colors and also the finishes that can be obtained are cheaper than the material they imitate. A disadvantage of stucco is that it is more expensive than ordinary paint, and it must be applied on very smooth and well-finished surfaces.
The stucco is easy to clean, you just need to spray a little water and scrub with a soft cloth. You can use soap if you want.
Types Of Stucco
Traditional classic stuccos
Those made with the techniques and materials that were used until the 19th century, such as stucco, plaster, marble, and slaked lime. Traditional stucco is prepared with lime, sand and water.